Fonts have always been an element that is often taken for granted but plays a crucial role in triggering different emotional responses. The science of choosing a particular font is defined as font psychology.
The fonts that you choose go a long way in generating a specific emotional response with your audience.
In this article, you will learn everything about font psychology and how it helps brands connect with their audience.
Let’s get started.
What is font psychology?
Font psychology is a powerful concept.
The fonts you select can significantly shape the attitude and emotion of your audience towards a product or a brand.
Font psychology is the study of how different fonts can influence the feelings, emotions, and behaviour of the audience.
For example, if you choose to use Roboto instead of Times New Roman, it is will reflect as modern and clean instead of being old and traditional.
Understanding the emotional response connected with each font in design is called font psychology.
Why is font psychology important?
Font psychology is important because it helps you choose the right fonts.
While designing a particular product or a brand, you want to decide on how your audience will perceive its value. Will they be happy, excited, full of satisfaction, or curious?
As you anticipate a specific emotional response from your audience, you start aligning your logo, voice, style, colours, and layout.
However, fonts also play a crucial role in communicating the brand or marketing message and activating the desired emotions in your audience.
Understanding the font psychology will give you a helping hand and make you understand the perception of each font and in what ways should you use them to attract your audience.
Main Categories of Fonts
Serif fonts are the long-established, traditional fonts in the industry.
A serif is known by the small extra stroke found at the end of the main vertical and horizontal strokes of a few letters. Popular serif fonts include Playfair display, Merriweather, Times New Roman, etc.
They are traditionally used for large bodies of texts mainly paragraphs in magazines and newspapers as it is an easy-to-read font. The font showcases a variety of different characters and personalities through the smallest details.
Serif fonts showcase class, heritage, trustworthiness, traditional and formal traits. Serif fonts are best used for logos, body copy, and titles.
They are used by brands that want to convey respectability and traditions like Vogue, and Time Magazine.
Sans serif fonts didn’t emerge until the 19th century.
They are seen as a clean and modern font as compared to Serif font. Popular examples of sans-serif fonts are Roboto, Arial, Helvetica, Source Sans, Open Sans, Segoe UI etc.
Sans serif fonts are also much simpler and clean, which helps in evoking a sense of cleanliness, also giving a minimal brand look.
They are the most simplified fonts out there. This font showcases honesty, clarity, modernism, and cleanliness. They are best used for small text, body copy, logo, and titles.
Big brands like Google, Facebook, and Spotify use sans serif font for greater readability.
3. Slab Serif
Slab serif fonts were invented and widely used in the 19th century.
They are generally used by car and technology brands like Volvo and Honda who want to build confidence and trust in their audience while showcasing modern creativity.
Popular slab serif fonts include Roboto slab, Courier New, Rockwell, Museo, etc. This font helps to add a sense of boldness to your brand.
Slab serif fonts showcase confidence, boldness, creativity, contemporary, and solidarity. They are best used for logos and titles.
4. Script Fonts
Script fonts are fancier than serif fonts and reflect handwritten or cursive writing.
As everyone’s handwriting looks different and unique, script fonts also feel the same way. They are often formed by letters that are connected and flow together fluidly.
As script font is distinctive and cursive, it can be hard to read. Use them with care. Don’t use them for long-form copies. They are best suited for short calls to action.
Popular script fonts include Pacifico, Dancing script, Lucida script, etc.
Script font showcases the elegance, creativity, informality, and a personalized approach. They are best used for creating logos or fancy headlines.
5. Decorative Fonts
Decorative fonts are more diverse and unique than script fonts.
They don’t have any formal structure and include every font that uses peculiar shape, layout, and stroke, just like graffiti fonts.
Decorative fonts are creative fonts as they don’t fall under any font category. They are best suited for logo designing, and sometimes for headlines and calls to action. Brands such as Lego, IBM, and Disney use Decorative fonts as their logo.
Decorative fonts should be used in small case scenarios as they are majorly trendy and may fade away over time. Decorative fonts include Bangers, Fredoka One, Lobster two, etc.
Font hierarchy is a systematic structure ordering fonts to showcase and highlight the most important information first, followed by the second most important information, and so on.
It is important because it adds a sense of structure, and makes your content look managed and easier for people to read.
Font hierarchy is as follows:
- Firstly, the most important words you read belong to the title ( H1 heading)
- Secondly, you read the subheadings of each section ( H2 heading )
- Moving onto reading the subsection headlines ( H3 headlines).
- Finally, we land on the paragraph text and with the smallest font and the longest body copy.
You can use a combination of different styles of font with a variety of strokes to make the content easy to scan and read.
Other Characteristics of Fonts
1. Light vs. Heavy
The light stroke of fonts in design reflects feminity, beauty, and delicateness while the heavy stroke depicts boldness, solidarity, and masculinity.
That’s the reason why fonts of brands like Tiffany & Co. a luxury and comfort jewellery brand are thin and tall to attract and appeal to their female audience.
While a brand like Rolex, a luxury watch brand is bold and heavy.
This is done to attract and appeal to the male audience in the market.
While both logos use the same serif font, the difference between the light and heavy stroke conveys a different message to a different audience.
2. Expanded vs. Condensed
Expanded fonts are associated with spaciousness and relaxation. while, condensed fonts are known for being concise, precise, and economical.
The logo of Mitsubishi, an industry brand, has a condensed logo and font format to showcase that their machinery is economical and precisely manufactured.
However, Netflix, a renowned entertainment brand has a logo seen as spacious and loose which indicates relaxation. Also, the spaces between letters of the Netflix logo depict the comprehensive catalogue of movies they have in store. The gap is huge so does their movies catalogue.
3. Lowercase vs Uppercase
Lowercase font reflects compassion and kindness while uppercase font reflects authority, control, and a sense of power.
The logo of Airbnb perfectly reflects the emotions of comfort, kindness, and being approachable.
While Jaguar, a luxury car maker brand, uses uppercase letters to showcase its car’s power, control, and authority in the automobile industry.
Choosing the Right Fonts for Your Brand
1. Knowing your brand personality
Before selecting the fonts in design, colours, and layouts of the content, it’s important to create a well-defined brand personality.
It is what your customers will know you for, connect with you, and remember you for.
All of the components of your brand such as brand colours, layout, voice, logo, and fonts should align with and communicate your brand personality properly.
Spend some time analyzing your business goals and target audience and think about how would you like your brand to be perceived by your audience.
Do you want your brand personality to be classic, exclusive, trustworthy, bold, or casual?
Before taking any steps further, spend some time crafting your brand personality.
2. Reflect on the tone of the message
Once you’re done with your brand personality, it’s important to focus upon what type of feelings and emotions you want to convey to your audience through your brand.
A sincere message asks for a serif or sans serif font and a trendy informal message asks for a script or decorative font.
Imagine a bank using a script font that includes cursive letters! This will not only convey a wrong message but also diminish the value of the bank in the eyes of the audience.
3. Readability is crucial
While it’s great to have a fancy and memorable logo, a non-negotiable rule in fonts in design is that it should be legible and easy to read.
Having a tight line spacing makes the life of the reader much harder and the business loses potential clients as well.
4. Combine contrasting font styles
You might think of choosing a font and using it consistently throughout the brand content.
However, using a combination of contrasting font styles will help you create an aesthetic appeal for your brand. It is also a significant way of showcasing font hierarchy.
For instance, you can use a serif font in your headlines to grab the reader’s attention and use a sans serif as your paragraph text for easy readability.
Also, you can try using different strokes of the same font. But remember, not you overuse this font combination.
Fonts in design are a crucial piece of block in setting up brand personality and voice. You should always have the font psychology at the back of your mind while working on your project.
It’s always one of the most overlooked aspects of communicating ideas to your audience. But fonts are just one aspect of visual design. If you want to explore more on how visual design influences UX design, read our article.
Understand the brand personality, target audience and their interests, voice and tone of the message and subsequent emotions while selecting fonts for your next project.
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